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      1. Author :
        Jiang, Hai-Fei; Wang, Wei; Jiang, Xuan; Zeng, Wen-Bo; Shen, Zhang-Zhou; Song, Yi-Ge; Yang, Hong; Liu, Xi-Juan; Dong, Xiao; Zhou, Jing; Sun, Jin-Yan; Yu, Fei-Long; Guo, Lin; Cheng, Tong; Rayner, Simon; Zhao, Fei; Zhu, Hua; Luo, Min-Hua
      2. Title :
      3. Type :
        Journal Article
      4. Year :
        2017
      5. Publication :
        Journal of Virology
      6. Products :
      7. Volume :
        91
      8. Issue :
        12
      9. Page Numbers :
        N/A
      10. Research Area :
        N/A
      11. Keywords :
        varicella-zoster virus; ORF7; differentiated neural progenitor cells; differentiated SH-SY5Y cells; cytoplasmic envelopment; Maestro
      12. Abstract :
        Although a varicella-zoster virus (VZV) vaccine has been used for many years, the neuropathy caused by VZV infection is still a major health concern. ORF7 of VZV has been recognized as a neurotropic gene in vivo, but its neurovirulent role remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effect of ORF7 deletion on VZV replication cycle at virus entry, genome replication, gene expression, capsid assembly and cytoplasmic envelopment, and transcellular transmission in differentiated neural progenitor cells (dNPCs) and neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y (dSY5Y) cells. Our results demonstrate that the ORF7 protein is a component of the tegument layer of VZV virions. Deleting ORF7 did not affect viral entry, viral genome replication or expression of typical viral genes, but clearly impacted cytoplasmic envelopment of VZV capsids resulting in a dramatic increase of envelop-defective particles and a decrease in intact virions. The defect was more severe in differentiated neuronal cells of dNPCs and dSY5Y. ORF7 deletion also impaired transmission of ORF7-deficient virus among the neuronal cells. These results indicate that ORF7 is required for cytoplasmic envelopment of VZV capsids, virus transmission among neuronal cells and probably the neuropathy induced by VZV infection.IMPORTANCE The neurological damage caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV) reactivation is commonly manifested as clinical problems. Thus, identifying viral neurovirulent genes and characterizing their functions are important for relieving VZV related neurological complications. ORF7 has been previously identified as a potential neurotropic gene, but its involvement in VZV replication is unclear. In this study, we found that ORF7 is required for VZV cytoplasmic envelopment in differentiated neuronal cells, and the envelopment deficiency caused by ORF7 deletion results in poor dissemination of VZV among neuronal cells. These findings imply that ORF7 plays a role in neuropathy, highlighting a potential strategy to develop a neurovirulence-attenuated vaccine against chickenpox and herpes zoster, and providing a new target for intervention of neuropathy induced by VZV.
      13. URL :
        http://jvi.asm.org/content/early/2017/03/23/JVI.00127-17.abstract http://jvi.asm.org/content/91/12/e00127-17.full.pdf
      14. Call Number :
        PKI @ catherine.lautenschlager @ 13607
      15. Serial :
        12849